'Municipality in the west of Paraná, located between the cities of Cascavel and Foz do Igauçu, it is one of the cradles of the MST in Paraná because of the existence of many Sem Terra families, of the struggle of those evicted by the Itaipu, and of the support of the churches and the local Rural Workers Union' (Fernandes, Bernardo Mançano e Stedile, João Pedro. Brava gente: a trajetória do MST e a luta pela terra no Brasil. São Paulo: Editora Fundação Perseu Abramo, 1999,p. 45, n. 16). See ITAIPU.