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The Sights and Voices of Dispossession: The Fight for the Land and the Emerging Culture of the MST (The Movement of the Landless Rural Workers of Brazil)


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Cultural categories by media type: The media specificity of landless cultural expression.

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 Culture: Icons, symbols, and monuments

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Reproduced by permission from Calendário Histórico do Trabalhador.
MST São Paulo


Zumbi de Palmares

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Photography : Edited by Else R. P. Vieira


November 2002

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Compiled by Else R P Vieira. Translation © Thomas Burns.

Zumbi of Palmares
'Zumbi, leader of the black slave resistance in the seventeenth century, when many quilombos were organized all over the country. Zumbi was in command of the Palmares quilombo in Alagoas. He was killed by troops of the Portuguese Crown in 1695' (Fernandes, Bernardo Mançano e Stedile, João Pedro. Brava gente: a trajetória do MST e a luta pela terra no Brasil. São Paulo: Editora Fundação Perseu Abramo, 1999 p. 63, n. 33). See PALMARES, QUILOMBO. 

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